Trembesi or Suar Wood

Trembesi or Suar Wood

Trembesi or Suar Wood. The Latin name of this trembesi tree is Samanea Saman (Rain Tree). This tree originally lived in South America and now naturally also lives in tropical weather. It can naturally grow to a height of 25 meters and a diameter of 30 meters.

Called Rain Tree (Rain Tree) because of the water that often drips from the canopy due to its ability to absorb strong groundwater. The leaves are also very sensitive to light and close together in cloudy (or dark) weather so that rainwater can touch the ground directly through the thick canopy of this tree. The grass is also greener under the rain tree than the grass around it.

This tree is intended for very large public spaces such as parks or parks, school yards or house yards that have a very large land area.

The characteristics of this trembesi tree are very easy to recognize from the characteristics of the tree branches that will form like an umbrella shape. And this trembesi tree will grow wider than the height of the tree. In the country of origin this tree is used as a cooling tree in plantations and parks.

In addition to the above advantages, it turns out that the Trembesi tree is also able to absorb CO2 dozens of times than ordinary trees. Trembesi trees are able to absorb 28.5 tons of carbon dioxide every year. (the diameter of the crown is 15 meters). Compare this with an ordinary tree, which on average is able to absorb 1 ton of CO2 in its 20 years of life. In addition, Trembesi trees are also able to reduce gas concentrations effectively, without reforestation and have a strong ability to absorb groundwater.

Perhaps it is because of this ability to absorb CO2 that the government launched the 1 Billion Tree Planting program in 2010 with Trembesi as the main tree to be planted.

Tree Features

Albizia Saman can reach an average height of 30-40 m, a tree circumference of about 4.5 m and a tree crown of 40-60 m. The shape of the stem is irregular, sometimes bent, big bulging. Compound leaves have a stalk length of about 7-15 cm.[5]. While the old tree is brown and the surface of the skin is very rough and peeling.

Leaf Features

The leaves fold in rainy weather and at night, so this tree is also called the 5 o’clock tree. The bark of this rain tree is gray-brown on young trees that are still smooth. While the leaf width is about 4-5 cm dark green, on the lower leaf surface it has velvet, if you hold it it feels soft.

Flower Features

The rain tree blooms in May and June. Flowers are white and pink on the top of the feathers. The length of the flower reaches 10 cm from the base of the flower to the tip of the flower hair. The crown tube measures 3.7 cm and has approximately 20-30 stamens that are about 3-5 cm long. Flowers produce nectar to attract insects for pollination.

Fruit Features

The fruit of the rain tree is long straight, slightly curved, has a length of about 10-20 cm, has a width of 1.5-2 cm and a thickness of about 0.6 cm. The fruit is dark brown when the fruit is ripe. The seeds are embedded in a very sticky and sweet reddish-brown flesh containing about 5-25 seeds with a length of 1.3 cm.

Trembesi or Suar Wood

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