Traditional Wood Preservation Technique

Traditional Wood Preservation Technique. Here are several Wood preservation techniques that are often used by the traditional community in Indonesia

  1. Soaking the Wood in the River
    Soaking logs and logs in rivers is an easy way to preserve and improve wood quality. The purpose of this immersion is so that the wood absorbs water so as to trigger the release of water-soluble extractive substances, such as nitrogen, glucosides, tannins and wood dyes. Meanwhile, water-insoluble extractive substances such as starch remain in the pores of the wood.

The soluble extractive substances affect the condition of the water around the wood. Microbes such as Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus masentriricus, Lactobacillus sp., and Staphylococcus sp. will develop and decompose wood extractive substances that are not dissolved so that it will gradually dissolve. This process is known as chain fermentation.

This chain fermentation process produces organic acids, gases and alcohol and reduces the moisture content in the wood. In addition, the content of wood starch which is a source of destructive food such as termites will also decrease because it dissolves into water. The result is increased wood resistance due to reduced interest by destructive insects to eat wood.

  1. Soaking the Wood in the Pool
    Soaking wood in the pool with the addition of natural ingredients can also preserve wood. Banana stems, tobacco leaves, rice straw, and clove flowers are natural ingredients that are usually used. The soaking process generally takes 2 to 3 months to achieve maximum results.

also read: Cedar Tree – Origin, Benefits and Magical Side
Before soaking the wood, it must be washed for 7 consecutive days. The water used for washing is a mixture of 1 liter of water with 10 grams of tobacco, 10 grams of cloves, and 10 grams of banana stems. The mixed water is rubbed over the entire surface of the wood and then dried using a cloth.

After washing for 7 days, the wood is then soaked into the pond and added with natural ingredients. After the soaking process for 2 to 3 months is complete, the wood must be dried first to dry it under the shade.

  1. Mixture of Oil and Diesel
    Used oil can also be used to preserve wood and extend its life. The trick is to make a liquid from a mixture of oil and diesel in a ratio of 1:1.

Apply the liquid on the wood surface evenly using a brush. Then leave it for a few days for the liquid to absorb and dry naturally.

In order to get maximum results, before the wood is used for building construction, it can be smeared again with liquid oil and diesel in a ratio of 1:2. If the wood will be shaved, then the basting is done after the wood is shaved.

  1. Wood Smoking Technique

The smoking method has not been widely used by the community to preserve wood. Fumigation of wood is done for 3 days so that the quality of the wood increases. The type of wood that is usually smoked is sengon wood and pulai uses mangiun wood as fuel.

  1. Painting the Wood

Coating wood with paint is the easiest way to make wood last longer. The paint used can be wood paint, oil paint and varnish. However, the durability results using wood painting methods are not as durable as other techniques.

  1. Preserving Wood With Vacuum

Usually the method of preserving wood with a vacuum system is carried out by large-scale wood companies. The advantages of this method are very high penetration and retention of preservatives, fast working process and can be applied to wet or dry wood. However, this method also has drawbacks, namely high costs and a high level of work accuracy. Traditional Wood Preservation Technique

Types of Suitable Wood for making Furniture.

Types of Suitable Wood for making Furniture. Given the importance of the function of wood in a building, especially for the manufacture of furniture. Some types of wood that have the best quality that can be used as furniture or furniture are:

Of course, many are familiar with this one wood. Teak wood (Teak: English) also has a good scientific name, namely Tectona Grandis. Teak wood is slightly yellowish brown in color and is commonly found on the islands of Java and Sulawesi. Although there are in Sumatra and Kalimantan, teak wood cannot grow optimally because the soil content on the two islands has a high acidity level.

In the furniture industry, teak is the prima donna. It can be said to be one of the premium types of wood. Teak wood takes decades to be used as furniture or furniture. This age factor is one of the factors that affect the price of teak wood to be expensive. In addition, because of the supply and demand factor, many are looking for it, but the stock is limited.

Teak wood is more durable than other woods because it contains large amounts of natural oils. Even so, this is also a weakness of teak. Because it has a lot of natural oil content, teak is not suitable for using bright solid colors such as white, red, green, etc. Because over time it will release natural oils that will cause stains to become yellowish on your furniture. For dark solid colors such as black or brown, stains from natural oils can still be tolerated, but if you pay close attention to them, they still interfere with beauty.

Teak wood is suitable for most types of furniture products, but what needs to be considered is the type of finishing. We recommend using natural color finishing, in addition to avoiding the impression of stains, natural colors will bring out beautiful natural fiber strokes. This is precisely what furniture lovers are looking for. The emergence of fiber can be an added value or satisfaction for them.

In addition, teak is a type of hardwood. This is an advantage of teak because it is not easily damaged if hit by an impact.

Mahogany Wood
Mahogany is one of the main raw materials in the manufacture of Jepara furniture besides teak. If teak is more idolized in the local market, then this mahogany wood has become an idol abroad, especially in European countries. So many Jepara furniture craftsmen use this mahogany wood, especially for export products.

Mahogany wood has a finer grain than teak. It has small pores so that the resulting furniture products are also very smooth. The color of mahogany is slightly reddish on the inside, and dark brown on the outside.

Although with the same diameter, when compared to teak, the price of mahogany wood can be cheaper, but in practice this is not the case. This is because:

a.) The wood that can be used must be above 30cm. Mahogany wood below 30cm has a less stable structure when used for furniture, unlike teak. In addition, the wood will shrink easily and be more susceptible to pests. Due to the use of large diameter wood, it certainly affects production costs.

b.) The type of mahogany is not as hard as teak. This causes mahogany wood to be more susceptible to pests. Usually before processing, mahogany wood will be soaked in anti-pest liquid first. There are also those who boil it to really avoid pests. This process will also affect the final price of mahogany products.

If you want a solid color finish, we recommend using mahogany. This is because the natural oil content in mahogany is not as much as in teak, so the appearance will be more durable in the long run.

Trembesi Wood
This wood is commonly used as a road shading. Able to live in nature that lacks water or heat. Has a relatively faster growth than other trees. Therefore, it is often found that the size of this wood is large, unlike teak. Usually used for furniture products whose construction supports the strength of the product itself, such as the solid table below.

Trembesi wood has good fiber strokes like teak. The fibers are prominent and regular. The elegant impression created is strong because of the fiber. When still a tree, this wood is resistant to extreme weather. But after becoming wood, it is not strong if placed outside the room. It is more suitable for indoor products that do not have construction joints, thick solid designs or for large statues.

Sungkai Wood
Sungkai wood is a type of wood that is also often used for making furniture. Usually, the use of sungkai wood for the manufacture of building materials such as windows, doors, to the construction of roof frames. Sungkai wood was also chosen to be used as veneer. Veneer is wood that is peeled into wood sheets, serves to help the finishing process to be more even and nice.

In general, the color of sungkai wood is light. The sapwood (wooden edge) is lighter in color. Has a surface that seems rough, can not be as smooth as teak or mahogany. Even though it has been sanded, the rough impression is still felt.

The wood fiber itself is good, has a strong wood character, so it is suitable for furniture using natural colors. If you want to use solid colors, in our opinion, just use mahogany wood. For the price itself is cheaper when compared to teak or mahogany.

However, we do not recommend the use of outdoor furniture such as garden swings, garden chairs, sungkai wood because the character of sungkai wood is less strong when exposed to sunlight and rain.

This type of wood is also less strong against pests because it is a type of soft wood. So the handling must also be right from the start to avoid pest attacks. Types of Suitable Wood for making Furniture.

Tips for Caring for Solid Wood Table Furniture

Tips for Caring for Solid Wood Table Furniture

Tips for Caring for Solid Wood Table Furniture. Wood is one of the materials that is often used as the main material for making furniture such as tables, chairs, cupboards, doors, and so on. This is because wood has a warm color and has a natural impression. Please note that this wood has many types, one of which is solid wood. This solid wood is natural wood that is processed directly from a type of wood tree. This type of solid has indeed become a material that is quite popular with the public.

In addition to having many types, this wood also has a measure to determine the level of wood quality. The smaller the number of the type of wood, the better the quality possessed by that type. This solid wood is in the order of durability class I, this first level of durability has a longer durability than the type of wood that has durability level II.

There are several kinds of wood that are classified as solid types such as Mahogany wood, Teak wood, Sungkai wood, Sonokeling wood, Pine wood, Mango wood, Ulin wood, Mindi wood, and Trembesi wood. Even though it is guaranteed to be durable, of course the wood that has been processed into furniture must always be cared for and maintained to keep it looking good. Below we will present some tips that you can use to treat solid wood tables at home.

Avoid Sharp Objects, Heat and Liquids
Avoiding the table from sharp objects is sometimes a difficult thing to do. You can put the knife on the table. Avoiding this means being careful when placing knives on furniture.
Sharp objects, heat, and colored liquids are indeed best for you to keep and avoid from solid furniture, because these can affect the beauty of the furniture in terms of color. Furniture items that are often scratched, exposed to heat, and exposed to liquid are visually not attractive anymore. Because scratches, heat and liquids can damage the wood finish and the texture of the solid wood table.

Try not to be exposed to direct light
Exposure to direct sunlight contains high temperatures. When wood is exposed to temperatures that are too high, it can cause damage to the furniture. This is because the humidity of a wood that is too can create cracks in the furniture. This furniture requires a place that is not too humid and not too dry so that durability can be maintained. Because if it is too humid it can cause the growth of fungi and insects that can damage the solid wood table.

Clean regularly

Regular cleaning is intended so that the furniture you have can be protected from dust and dirt that sticks all day long. Imagine how thick it would be if it wasn’t cleaned at all. You can wipe it with a dry cloth or use a duster. For a cleaner result, you can use a slightly damp cloth to wipe it.After that make sure you dry it by wiping it again with a dry cloth. Surely your furniture will shine like new. Do this cleaning activity regularly for maintenance.

Buying something with durable frills doesn’t mean you can use it at will without any effort to take care of it. Even if it is basically durable, when it is not cared for, it can reduce the durability due to lack of maintenance. Therefore, so that your solid wood table can still look good, you must pay attention to the above points for simple maintenance.

Tips for Caring for Solid Wood Table Furniture

Trembesi or Suar Wood

Trembesi or Suar Wood

Trembesi or Suar Wood. The Latin name of this trembesi tree is Samanea Saman (Rain Tree). This tree originally lived in South America and now naturally also lives in tropical weather. It can naturally grow to a height of 25 meters and a diameter of 30 meters.

Called Rain Tree (Rain Tree) because of the water that often drips from the canopy due to its ability to absorb strong groundwater. The leaves are also very sensitive to light and close together in cloudy (or dark) weather so that rainwater can touch the ground directly through the thick canopy of this tree. The grass is also greener under the rain tree than the grass around it.

This tree is intended for very large public spaces such as parks or parks, school yards or house yards that have a very large land area.

The characteristics of this trembesi tree are very easy to recognize from the characteristics of the tree branches that will form like an umbrella shape. And this trembesi tree will grow wider than the height of the tree. In the country of origin this tree is used as a cooling tree in plantations and parks.

In addition to the above advantages, it turns out that the Trembesi tree is also able to absorb CO2 dozens of times than ordinary trees. Trembesi trees are able to absorb 28.5 tons of carbon dioxide every year. (the diameter of the crown is 15 meters). Compare this with an ordinary tree, which on average is able to absorb 1 ton of CO2 in its 20 years of life. In addition, Trembesi trees are also able to reduce gas concentrations effectively, without reforestation and have a strong ability to absorb groundwater.

Perhaps it is because of this ability to absorb CO2 that the government launched the 1 Billion Tree Planting program in 2010 with Trembesi as the main tree to be planted.

Tree Features

Albizia Saman can reach an average height of 30-40 m, a tree circumference of about 4.5 m and a tree crown of 40-60 m. The shape of the stem is irregular, sometimes bent, big bulging. Compound leaves have a stalk length of about 7-15 cm.[5]. While the old tree is brown and the surface of the skin is very rough and peeling.

Leaf Features

The leaves fold in rainy weather and at night, so this tree is also called the 5 o’clock tree. The bark of this rain tree is gray-brown on young trees that are still smooth. While the leaf width is about 4-5 cm dark green, on the lower leaf surface it has velvet, if you hold it it feels soft.

Flower Features

The rain tree blooms in May and June. Flowers are white and pink on the top of the feathers. The length of the flower reaches 10 cm from the base of the flower to the tip of the flower hair. The crown tube measures 3.7 cm and has approximately 20-30 stamens that are about 3-5 cm long. Flowers produce nectar to attract insects for pollination.

Fruit Features

The fruit of the rain tree is long straight, slightly curved, has a length of about 10-20 cm, has a width of 1.5-2 cm and a thickness of about 0.6 cm. The fruit is dark brown when the fruit is ripe. The seeds are embedded in a very sticky and sweet reddish-brown flesh containing about 5-25 seeds with a length of 1.3 cm.

Trembesi or Suar Wood

Tips for Caring for Furniture Made of Trembesi or Suar Wood

Tips for Caring for Furniture Made of Trembesi or Suar Wood

Tips for Caring for Furniture Made of Trembesi or Suar Wood. In choosing furniture for the house, wood is indeed one of the materials that is still the favorite choice of many people. However, caring for organic materials such as wood is of course not as easy as caring for plastic furniture. If not handled properly, then the risk of getting mold, cracking, and being eaten by termites can occur on your tamarind wood furniture. But don’t worry because we have 5 tips that you can try yourself at home.

Home furniture that is still a trend or the most popular is furniture made of tamarind wood. However, the maintenance of this furniture is not as easy as the maintenance of furniture with plastic or HPL materials. If we don’t handle it properly, some of the risks of furniture made of wood will experience the risk of cracking, or mildew. Therefore, we Trembesi Jepara provide some tips for furniture care to make it more durable, and can be done easily at home.

Furniture is placed in a place of normal and dry temperature
Hot or changing temperatures in the room can cause the wood to shrink or expand, causing cracks in the wood finish and rapid color fading. Therefore, it is better to put the furniture in a room with a normal temperature and not directly exposed to the sun’s heat. But also don’t put furniture in damp places, because it will make it easier for wood to be porous as a place for insects to live, and the development of fungus on furniture.

Move Furniture Correctly and Carefully
To move furniture, we are used to pulling or dragging the furniture. The dragging process can cause the trembesi table or chair to be scratched or scrape the wood due to sliding on the floor. For another effect, dragging furniture also weakens the joints in the wood so that the trembesi furniture is easily damaged or wobbly. To move it should be lifted so that the furniture will be more durable. In addition to lifting to move furniture, you can also use a base such as cloth to shift so as to reduce the risk of scratches on your furniture.

Clean the furniture immediately if there is water
Sometimes we often forget to put the glass on the furniture, or put the soup in the bowl to eat so that it leaves stains or wet spots on the table. If this is allowed then the water spots or marks will be colored like dew or dirty, therefore you should immediately clean the table that is flooded with water using a dry cloth so the table is dry again After drying, the table can be cleaned again using a cleaner to clean stains on furniture.

Clean Wooden Furniture Periodically
In order for the furniture to look good, it should be cleaned regularly at least once a week, by spraying the cleaner which is then wiped with a soft cloth. This serves to remove stains and also treat the color of trembesi furniture. For difficult parts can be cleaned using a brush or toothbrush. Sometimes cleaning the inaccessible areas makes it difficult for us, therefore we can use a toothbrush to clean the difficult parts. Tips for Caring for Furniture Made of Trembesi or Suar Wood

Distinguishing Teak Wood With Trembesi Wood

Distinguishing Teak Wood With Trembesi Wood
Teak Wood Table

Distinguishing Teak Wood With Trembesi Wood. As previously said, trembesi wood has characteristics similar to teak, so many people mistake it for teak wood. Though the quality provided is very different. Don’t be fooled by naughty craftsmen who sell trembesi wood at very expensive teak prices.

To be able to distinguish between the two, you can pay attention to the following things:

Wood Color

The most easily observed differentiator is color, what about the color of trembesi wood and what about the color of teak wood. The color of the trembesi wood at first glance is similar to old teak wood. The color is dark dark brown. But when compared directly parallel you will definitely see the difference.

Old teak wood does have a dark brown wood color but there will be a visible golden effect. This golden effect is only owned by teak wood and not owned by trembesi wood. You can set it apart during the day and be exposed to direct sunlight or direct the light at its surface.

Make sure when comparing these two types of wood, it has not been coated with finishing materials.

Wood Grain

The two woods have a very similar grain appearance. The existence of a year circle on each wood will add to the uniqueness and attractive appearance of each piece of furniture. If you want to tell the difference, pay attention to the grain grooves of these two types of wood.

Trembesi wood has thicker wood Grains in size. The circle of the year looks very clear and sharp. The Grain grooves are straighter than teak wood. On the other hand, teak wood also has clear wood Grains, but the thickness of the Grain is thinner than trembesi wood and the grooves are more wavy.

Trembesi Wooden Table

Distinguishing Teak Wood With Trembesi Wood

Trembesi Wood for Outdoor Furniture

Getting to know Trembesi Wood for Outdoor Furniture

Getting to know Trembesi Wood for Outdoor Furniture. Trembesi wood has another name, namely suar wood in the Jeparan area, trembesi wood is known as meh wood. This wood is a type of wood of the Albazia genus. Trembesi wood trees are found in Sumatra, Java, Sulawesi and Maluku. Because the spread is quite fast, the stock is very large and easy to find. This very fast growth is influenced by its ease of growing in areas with various types of soil.

The growth of the trembesi tree is quite fast, an old tree can have a height of 30 to 40 meters while the diameter can reach 4.5 meters. Why is trembesi wood often compared to teak because it looks like teak at first glance. Then you have to be able to tell the difference because the quality of each wood is different, especially for outdoor furniture.

The nature of trembesi wood is different from teak wood. Trembesi wood does not contain resin that will kill termites. So that trembesi wood is more susceptible to termites than teak wood. Another weakness of Trembesi wood is that it is easy to crack when exposed to heat too often. This weakness makes Trembesi wood unusable for outdoor use.

Seeing this quality, you should change the type of wood for outdoor furniture other than tamarind wood. Maybe if you have a lot of money you can buy furniture made of trembesi wood. Although it cannot be used as outdoor furniture, Trembesi wood has the advantage that it has a fairly large diameter of wood.

Its large size makes it easy to make various kinds of large furniture. In addition, the large size does not make the furniture expensive. You can buy trembesi wood at a low price.

Furniture with trembesi wood is mostly produced in the Jepara area, where many Perhutani plants plant trembesi trees. So it is not surprising that many craftsmen use this wood.

Getting to know Trembesi Wood for Outdoor Furniture

Trembesi VS Teak Wood Comparison

Trembesi VS Teak Wood Comparison

Trembesi VS Teak Wood Comparison For Durable Outdoor Furniture. Choosing wood for outdoor furniture can not be arbitrary. There are many types of wood to choose from and there are many qualities to compare. But do you know what types of quality wood are for outdoor furniture? Not only that, the finishing material chosen will also be a benchmark for whether the furniture can last longer.

Looking at the quality problem, there are several things that wood must have, namely the most important thing is the problem of resistance to weather and also termites or fungi. The wood must be very strong so that damage to heat or weather changes is minimized.

To get outdoor furniture made of wood, you also need to consider several things, such as the following:

  • Consider where you will place the furniture in the outdoor area. Will the wood just be left exposed to changes in the weather? Would there be some kind of protection on top like inside the terrace, for example. If your wooden furniture is going to be placed in a protected environment, you can use a softwood like pine, but it may not work in an open location.
  • Consider the surface on which you will place the furniture. Whether to place it on a hard surface or soft ground such as a grassy area. Placing wood furniture outdoors on a hard surface can help protect against feared furniture destroyers such as rot or mildew. It may be best to provide metal protection over the wood if you plan to place your patio on soft ground.
  • Consider your climate. Humidity, the heat of the sun, or a lot of rain and humidity all affect different types of wood. In such conditions, your wooden furniture may need extra protection or maintenance. For example, you may have to provide some shade. Most wood is difficult to maintain in moist conditions unless it is something strong like teak.

Some of the considerations above will make it easier for you to find various types of wood that can be used outdoors, one of which is teak. Now another wood that will be compared with teak this time is wood trembesi.

Have you ever heard of trembesi wood? If not, let’s review what trembesi wood is and how it compares to the well-known teak wood. read more about Trembesi Wood

Trembesi VS Teak Wood Comparison For Durable Outdoor Furniture

The advantages and disadvantages of Trembesi Wood

The advantages and disadvantages of Trembesi Wood

The advantages and disadvantages of Trembesi Wood. Whatever the interior style of a person’s residence, wooden furniture remains an option. However, the soaring price of teak wood boards has made consumers start switching to trembesi wood.

Teak is already the most popular type of wood due to its extraordinary durability, but the supply of teak is not keeping up with the high consumer demand. Trembesi wood is referred to as an alternative choice of wood that is no less quality.

Before switching to trembesi wood, it’s good to know more about this type of wood, especially the advantages, disadvantages, and how to maintain it so that it lasts a long time.

What is Trembesi Wood?

Trembesi wood is wood from a tree of the Albizia genus. This type of wood is quite easy to find in Indonesia, precisely in the areas of Kalimantan, Java, Sulawesi, Maluku, and Nusa Tenggara. The tree itself can grow quickly, unlike teak trees. Thus, consumers do not have to scramble to get Trembesi wood in the form of wooden boards or blocks.

Fortunately again, this trembesi tree can grow to a height of 4 meters. Wood craftsmen certainly like it because it will make it easier for them to make large or long wood crafts.

Wood Characteristics

From the looks of it, Trembesi wood has a dark center like dark brown with a few black lines. Meanwhile, the ivory white color appears on the edge of the wood. This contrasting color difference makes it easy for people to see the boundaries.

Judging from its weight, trembesi wood is equivalent to acacia wood and teak wood. The average weight reaches about 600 kg per cubic meter, so it is included in the heavy wood category.

From the level of durability, Trembesi wood is in class IV. From his strength, he was in class III. In general, the density level is in the middle class and below teak. Even so, Trembesi wood is still worth ogling as a substitute for teak.

The Advantages of Trembesi Wood

Besides growing fast, trembesi wood taken from trees can grow to a diameter of up to 1.5 meters. With this size, you can make large furniture such as a dining table without the need to connect two wooden boards first.

The use of trembesi wood is also able to highlight a tough impression. None of these wood components have a thickness below 3 cm. The average thickness for table tops or cabinets is about 4 to 15 cm. You will not find this thickness in teak wood furniture. Not only the final result is good, during the growth of the tamarind tree, it is able to absorb air pollution. Thus air pollution can be minimized.

Disadvantages of Trembesi Wood

There are advantages, of course there are disadvantages. The drawbacks of Trembesi wood are in terms of durability and strength. This wood is in class IV for durability which means it is quite susceptible to attack by wood termites, fungi and powder lice.

Meanwhile, from its strength which is in class III, trembesi wood is not able to support objects that are too heavy. So it would be more appropriate if it is used as a material for making furniture such as tables or cabinets, instead of roof frames or building materials.

Care Tricks

Even though there are shortcomings, you can still make efforts so that the durability of trembesi wood can last a long time. One of them is by giving anti-termite and mildew drugs to the wood before it is processed into furniture. After becoming a piece of furniture, regularly clean it from dust using a cloth.

Those are the advantages and disadvantages of trembesi wood. After knowing the advantages and disadvantages, are you interested in using Trembesi wood as part of a residential interior?

In addition to trembesi wood, there are many other types of wood that you can choose and adjust to your needs, such as Mahogany, Agarwood, and Merbau. Of course, all types of wood also have advantages and disadvantages. Congratulations on choosing the best type of wood for your home!